The thyroid gland is a neuroendocrine, located just below the Adam’s apple with the thyroid cartilage and trachea. Weighs between 15 and 30 grams in the adult and is formed by two butterfly-shaped lobes on both sides of the trachea. The thyroid gland regulates the metabolism of the body, producing proteins and regulates the body’s sensitivity to other hormones.
If this gland is not working properly, it can suffer from hypothyroidism (underactive gland) or hyperthyroidism (overactive). These diseases can have very harmful to the pregnancy if not detected and treated early through a simple blood test.
Hypothyroidism: This type of imbalance may impair the mental development of children. Some symptoms may appear:
• An unexpected weight gain
• Dry skin
• Intolerance to cold
• Muscle weakness
Hyperthyroidism: This condition may increase the risk that the baby is born very low birth weight or the mother has preeclampsia, a disease characterized by high blood pressure. Some symptoms that may appear are:
• Heat intolerance
• Heat in the skin
• Weight loss
Fortunately, very few pregnant women suffer from some form of thyroid imbalance. But if you notice anything unusual, it is best to notify your doctor to be safe. Watch for these symptoms when the baby comes, because 1 in 20 women develop thyroid problems after childbirth.
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